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for the flow of the gases. In analyzing each of these furnaces,
the research has been concerned with the principal dimensions.
It has been found in the course of this work that, in many furnaces,
the dimensions which seemed to be the least important have the
most important effect, and conversely, that those to which great
importance had been attached were of no significance.
FIG. 27.—Furnace N.
It is also clearly apparent that these methods make it possible to
regulate accurately the quantity of fuel consumed and diminish
it accordingly, in many cases, by slight corrections applied to the
As an example of the method of computation and of its impor-
FIG. 28.—Lyswa Furnace.
tance, the calculations are presented for a continuous heating fur-
nace in the N M works, using a very good grade of English coal,
and a similar furnace at the Lyswa works (Oural), using a coal
from the Kis61ow mines, having 25 per cent of cinders or ash and
3 per cent of sulphur. The defects in these furnaces and the
methods used in improving them were plainly shown by these
computations. (Refer to Fz^s. 27 and 28.) Computations tabulated
on page 45.)
It may be seen, from the computations for "the furnace N
(1) A large Russian Works.